The word «fachwerk» comes from the German words «Fach» that means «panel, section» and «Werk» that stands for «frame». Fachwerk (half-timbering) is a framing technology of a house construction which implies that there is a rigid massive wooden framework within the structure and different materials are used to fill in the spans. The history of these houses goes back to medieval Germany. Subsequently fachwerk became popular all over Europe. There still exist fachwerk buildings which are now more than 500 years old.
Glued timber is a perfect material for a fachwerk house frame. The production technology of this material gives it some advantages over solid wood such as strength, durability, absence of casting and splitting, aesthetic surface appearance. The length of constructional glued timber up to 12m allows developing complex architectural and design house projects.
When changes in temperature and humidity take place glued timber structures retain their stability unlike those made of solid wood. Fire resistance of glued timber which has not been treated with a fire protective agent is 2-4 times higher than that of metal.
Special joints of the frame members make it stable even in case of a moderate earthquake. Having been constructed a fachwerk house does not shrink and is ready for finishing work.
ACCURACY, QUALITY, EXPERIENCE
TAMAK has had considerable experience in designing and manufacturing fachwerk houses for more than 12 years. House members are made at the high-accuracy wood processing centres Hundegger K2 (Germany).
The timber undergoes triple control: when it comes to the storage area, after drying and before gluing, when unacceptable defects are removed.
Drying the material in kilns until its moisture content is 10±2% helps to eliminate fungi and insects from it and to prevent their reappearing during service life.
TAMAK’s laboratory tests the control samples for compliance with the Russian and European standards.
Every year starting from 2000 TAMAK’s production technology and glued timber structures have been certified by the authoritative research institute of Stuttgart «Otto-Graf-Institut» that has allowed us to construct glued timber houses not only in Russia but in European countries as well.
For production of wooden members of a fachwerk house TAMAK uses ecologically sound timber of Ural fir and Siberian larch. Trees growing in northern regions are distinguished by particular density and narrowness of their growth rings. Due to severe climate conditions trees grow more slowly and their wood is cleaner, healthier, denser, harder and more durable. Sometimes it is called “iron” wood.
A CHANCE FOR A FLIGHT OF IMAGINATION
The timber frame of a fachwerk house bears all the load, therefore the spaces between the panels can be filled in with various materials such as stone, bricks, blocks, glued timber, panels with mineral wadding insulation, up-to-date glass units. This wide variety of materials gives a lot of freedom in choice of house finishing and thereafter its final exterior.
The architecture of a fachwerk house has its distinct individual style. The wooden frame painted in dark visually divides the light walls into a number of multiform fragments and makes the fachwerk house easily recognizable. The technology allows producing glued beams large in section and up to the length of 12m that provides a lot of possibilities for designing large-span rooms and for fulfillment of the boldest designing ideas. Fachwerk is not only perfectly suitable for construction of individual houses but for public buildings as well.
FOR THOSE WHO KNOW THE VALUE
Fachwerk houses have an appearance of a decorous peculiar house with a history and attract people who prefer houses in an unusual architectural style. The wooden frame which is deliberately exposed on the exterior of the house creates the impression of stability, safety and majesty of the building and the walls made of multicoloured and multiform materials meet the owners’ tastes in style and their preferences.
Recently architects have been paying special attention to the so-called «glass fachwerk». In this houses glass units are used as an infill of the walls. Glazing from the floor up to the ceiling, excellent natural light, spaciousness and the unity of the house and the surrounding nature attract more and more consumers. Fachwerk houses are chosen by those people who do not only want to build their own house but to create a family estate for several generations.